Agriculture in Pakistan and its Impact on Economy―A Review
Author: Anam Azam, Muhammad Shafique
Publisher: International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology
The purpose of this research is to analyze the Pakistan’s agriculture and its impact on economy. This study also highlights the agricultural challenges and its possible solutions. Time-series data is used in this paper and data is collected from different articles, websites and reports. The agriculture sectors i.e. major and minor crops, fruits, livestock, fisheries and forestry are studied in this research paper. There is some agriculture problems i.e.; limited water, poor management, natural calamities and others which have negative impact on Pakistan’s economy. The findings shows that due to agriculture problems there is fluctuations in Pakistan’s economic growth (GDP) thus, Pakistan’s economic growth is going to slowdown. Total factor of production is also going to slow down due to these instabilities.
Developing Sustainable Agriculture in Pakistan
Author: Iqrar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Sarwar Khan
Publisher: CRC Press
Unfortunately, agricultural production is stagnant due to several barriers including a fixed cropping pattern, reliance on a few major crops, a narrow genetic pool, poor seed quality, and a changing climate. In addition, the high cost of production, weak phytosanitary compliance mechanisms, and a lack of cold chain facilities makes Pakistan agriculturally uncompetitive in export markets. Despite all these issues, agriculture is the primary industry in Pakistan and small farmers continue to dominate the business. Small farmers grow crops for subsistence under a fixed cropping pattern and a holistic approach is required to develop agriculture to improve the livelihoods of the rural populace.
This book presents an exhaustive look at agriculture in Pakistan. Chapters provide critical analyses of present trends, inadequacies in agriculture, strategic planning, improvement programs and policies while keeping in view the natural resources, plant- and animal-related agricultural production technologies, input supplies, population planning, migration and poverty, and balanced policies on finance, credit, marketing, and trade.
Agricultural Productivity Current Scenario, Constraints and Future Prospects in Pakistan
Author: Muhammad Aslam
Publisher: Sarhad Journal of Agriculture
This review paper intends to portray current scenario of agricultural productivity through yields and gaps of five major crops; wheat, cotton, rice, maize and sugarcane. The review discusses major constraints, identifies future prospects and makes policy recommendations for enhanced agricultural productivity in Pakistan. The review revealed that in Pakistan, on average current yield of wheat, cotton, rice, maize and sugarcane is 2.26, 1.87, 2.88, 1.77 and 48.06 tons per hectare, respectively against 6.80, 4.30, 5.20, 9.20 and 300 tons per hectare potential yield of wheat, cotton, rice, maize and sugarcane, respectively, obtained through research. Major constraints include agronomic, irrigation management, environmental, technological, institutional and socio-economic constraints. Future prospects include upscaling of modern technology, enhanced seed production, improved inputs availability and use, improved irrigation, improved agriculture-education-training-research- extension-nexus, reclamation of salinized lands, improved agricultural credit and support price policies. Recommendations include improving agricultural research and extension systems, accelerating diffusion and adoption of latest agriculture technologies and inputs, enhancing good quality seed production, improving irrigation water management and improving reclamation and drainage.